9 Which is the competent authority to turn to in cases of disputes and other legal issues?

In accordance with the general rules of jurisdiction, Croatian courts have international jurisdiction in cases where the defendant has his or her habitual residence in the Republic of Croatia (Article 46 paragraph 1 of the Private International Law Act).

Croatian courts also have international jurisdiction for disputes over matrimonial property if a defendant does not have his or her habitual residence in the Republic of Croatia but a plaintiff has his or her habitual or temporary residence in Croatia at the time of undertaking legal action (Article 59 paragraph 1 of the Private International Law Act).

If the majority of the matrimonial property is located in the Republic of Croatia, and the rest is located abroad, the court can decide on the property that is located abroad only if it decides on the property located in the Republic of Croatia and only if the defendant agrees to this (Article 59 paragraph 2 of the Private International Law Act).

However, Croatian Courts have exclusive jurisdiction for disputes over the right to dispose of immovable property located on the territory of the Republic of Croatia (Article 56 of the Private International Law Act).

Spouses may agree on the jurisdiction of a foreign court only if one of them is a foreign national and if it is not a case of exclusive competence of Croatian courts.

Spouses may agree on the jurisdiction of Croatian courts if at least one of them is a Croatian national (Article 49 paragraph 2 of the Private International Law Act).