9 Which is the competent authority to turn to in cases of disputes and other legal issues?

Sole competency resides with the courts. As a general rule, Italian courts have jurisdiction when the defendant is domiciled (the domicile of a person is in the place where he/she has established the principal center of his/her business and interests; Art. 43 CC) or resident (the residence is in the place where a person habitually lives; Art. 43 CC) in Italy (Art. 3 Law No. 218 of 31/05/1995).

In addition, in matters of nullity and annulment of the marriage, personal separation and dissolution of the marriage, Italian courts have jurisdiction also when one of the spouses is an Italian citizen or the marriage was celebrated in Italy (Art. 32 Law No. 218 of 31/05/1995).